On the world no tobacco day, lets us know about smoking effects directly and indirectly on women’s health and it’s risks. The alarming effects of smoking on women’s health causes many risks during pregnancy and after being conceived.
Yes! Smoking affects women differently
- While smoking increases the risk of various types of cancer (lung, mouth, esophagus, larynx, bladder, pancreas, and kidney) among both men and women, it puts women at a higher risk of cervical cancer. (recipe to reduce the risk of cancer)
- Women who smoke are at an increased risk of developing COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) including chronic bronchitis and airflow obstruction like their male counterparts.
- Smoking also affects menstruation in terms of severe premenstrual symptoms and increase in cramps. It also affects fertility, leading to delay or challenges in conceiving.
- Smoking during pregnancy harms the fetus. The carbon monoxide present in tobacco harms the fetal tissue, while nicotine causes the infant’s heart rate to speed up.
- Smoking also increases the risk of miscarriages and other complications such as placenta abrupt-ion (placenta is the flattened circular organ in the uterus of pregnant women which nourishes and maintains the fetus) and still birth.
- Smoking during pregnancy increases risks of premature delivery and may cause reduction in breast milk once the infant is born. The nicotine consumed by the mother can also be passed on to a baby during breastfeeding.Like men, smoking increases the risk of heart diseases in women, especially heart attacks.
- Second-hand smoke in certain countries can be a greater threat to women than smoking or consuming tobacco directly.